Music and Beard

Tuesday, March 2, 2010

What are views about Javed Ahmed Ghamidi? He is known for his moderate views which are in direct conflict with todays ulama. Specially his views about music and the beard. If the beard is so important, why didn't Allah mention it in the Quran? Similarly if listening to music is indeed a grave sin then why didn't Allah mention it in the quran? Why would Allah put us in doubt or play games with us?

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

Before answering the query, it is important to mention that one should be extremely careful and cautious before uttering any statements. It is incorrect and sinful to state that Allah Ta’ala is putting us in doubt and is playing games with us. Allah Ta’ala is Most-Knowledgeable and Wise and is perfect in all of His qualities. It is necessary for you to make sincere tawbah and istighfaar and vow to never utter such statements again.

If one is unsure about something regarding the Deen, it is necessary to refer to the ‘Ulama as this is a clear command of Allah Ta’ala in the Holy Quran:

"And ask the people of knowledge if you do not know."
[Al-Nahl 16:43, Al-Anbiyaa' 21:7]

Therefore, we advise you to follow this step before uttering dangerous statements from one’s own mind.

As far as the query is concerned, we are unaware of Javed Ahmed Ghamidi. However, if his views include the permissibility of music and not keeping the beard, then this clearly contradicts the injunctions of the Holy Quran and Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).

Before mentioning the Shari’ee rulings on music and the beard, it is necessary to mention that only the basic principles concerning Deen are explained in the Holy Quran. One of the reasons Allah Ta’ala chose Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) as a Messenger was that he can fully explain the Holy Quran for it to be understood and implemented properly. For example, it is stated in the Quran to observe salat and pay zakat, but in no place does it mention how to carry out these acts, meaning how to observe the salat and how much zakat to pay. It was the Ahadith and the example of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) which clarified the injunctions of the Quran and other matters.

Although the command of growing the beard is not clearly mentioned in the Quran, it is clearly mentioned in the Hadith of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Allah Ta’ala clearly states in the Quran that it is incumbent upon all of us to follow the commandments of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his Sunnah and that the one who has followed his Sunnah has indeed obeyed Allah Ta’ala:

“Whoever obeys the Messenger has surely obeyed Allah”
[Al-Nisaa' 4:80]

“Say O Prophet): If you really love Allah, then follow me, and Allah shall love you and forgive your sins. Allah is Most-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.”
[Ali 'Imraan 3:31]

That being said, there are clear Hadith indicating to lengthen the beard and trim the mustache (listed in the article below). Moreover, the Fuqahaa have declared it wajib to grow the beard. Hereunder is a detailed answer on the Shari’ee status of the beard:

Regarding the prohibition of music, Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Holy Quran:

“From amongst men there are those who purchase ‘lahw al hadith’ without knowledge, to mislead from the Path of Allah and they ridicule it. For them there is a humiliating punishment”
[Luqmaan 31:6]

The following great Commentators state that ‘lahw al hadith’ in the above verse refers to music….

a) Abdullah ibn Mas‘ûd radiyallâhu ‘anhu
b) Jâbir ibn ‘Abdillah radiyallâhu ‘anhu
c) Abdullâh ibn ‘Abbâs radiyallâhu ‘anhu
d) Hasan al-Basrî rahimahu Allah
e) Ikrimah rahimahu Allah
f) Ebrahim an Nakhi rahimahu Allah
g) Maymoon bin Mahran rahimahu Allah
h) Qatada rahimahu Allah
i) Sa‘îd ibn Jubayr rahimahu Allah
j) Mujâhid rahimahu Allah
k) Amr ibn Shu`ayb rahimahu Allah
l) Ali ibn Badhîmah rahimahu Allah
m) Habeeb rahimahu Allah
n) Makhûl. rahimahu Allah
o) Abd al Kareem rahimahu Allah
p) Ibn Zakhr rahimahu Allah
q) Ataa al Khuraasaani rahimahu Allah

The two greatest commentators of this Ummah, Abdullah bin Masood and Abdullah bin Abbaas (radiyallâhu ‘anhuma), used to take an oath and say that this verse refers to music.

(Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah 5/132, Al Mustadrak lil Hakim 2/211, Sunan al kubra lil Bayhaqi 10/223, Ad Durr al manthoor 8/76, Al Hawi al Kabeer 17/388, An Nukat wal uyoon 3/332, Tafseer Ibn Katheer 6/330, Tafseer al Qurtubi 14/52, Tafseer al Baghwi 6/283, Tafseer al lubaab libni Adil 13/10, Tafseer al Khaazin 5/145, Tafseer at Tabari 20/127, Zad al maser 5/105, Ma’arif al Quraan 7/28, Dhamm al malahi 5-6, Ahsan al fatawa 8/380)

Hereunder is our detailed research on the prohibition of music:

The abovementioned articles have made the necessity of growing the beard and the impermissibility of music clear. Those who go against these rulings have clearly gone against the injunctions of the Quran and Sunnah. Therefore, it is important to stay away from those who have views against these rulings for keeping in their company will lead one astray. One should remain in the company of those ‘Ulama who are strict in following the Sunnah, as they will InshaAllah guide us on the right path.

And Allah knows best

Wassalamu Alaikum

Ml. Asif Umar,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

Source :


Asim said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Asim said...


About your reply, I would like to point out few things:

* Religion consists of two things 1)Quran 2) Sunnah. Sunnah are worship methods that have reached us from prophets via generations. That is how we know how to say salat and conduct Haj. Hadees books have neither anything to do with the worship methods nor with the religion. If you are deriving religion from hadees books then in my humble opinion you are setting partners with God. Hadees books are a great work of preserving the history but they are still a heresay. A system of God cannot be based on a heresay.
* Quran has not discussed music directly. Quran has prohibited shameful deeds. This principle can be applied to music or to anything else to determine if that deed is permissible or not. You cannot declare all music haram, just like you cannot declare all books haram, and all art haram. Please keep in mind that our prophet was greeted with music when he entered Madina.
God knows the best.

hasan said...

Salam, Sunnah is anything derived from the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. and Hadith are part of Sunnah.

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